The Community Resilience Cook book details that having elevated levels or cortisol and adreneline in the body for a prolonged period of time can cause elevated glucose levels. High levels of glucose can lead to type 2 diabetes. It also leads to a person’s blood pressure and cholesterol to be elevated. High blood pressure weakens the circulatory system and heart and high cholesterol can lead to heart attack and stroke.
It also mentions that having too much cortisol in our bodies can lead to osteoporosis, depression, anorexia, arthritis, hyperthyroidism, gastrointestinal disease and a shrinkage in our lymph nodes which creates complications for our body to fight off infections. If the body experiences high levels of cortisol over many years in can lead to a break down in the immune system, which can result in the immune system attacking parts of the body which can result is diseases such as multiple sclerosis, fibromyalgia, lupus and rheumatoid arthritis.
Even those these conditions aren’t usually attributed to children, the more traumatic their experiences the more it predisposes them to these health inequalities as an adult.
Here is a direct quote from the website that I found fascinating and just had to share with you
“Biomedical researchers say that childhood trauma is biologically embedded in our bodies: children with adverse childhood experiences and adults who have experienced childhood trauma may have a smaller prefrontal cortex (the thinking part of the brain), a more active HPA system and higher levels of indicators for inflammation than those who have not suffered childhood trauma. This is the main reason why the lifespan of people with an ACE score of six or higher is likely to be shortened by 20 years.”
When you are chronically stressed (in a constant state of arousal) experiencing an additional stressful event can produce (trigger) a somewhat exaggerated response compared to others. Many survivors of childhood trauma have a hypersensitivity to things such as smells, sounds, noises, tastes and touches. An un-predicted and accidental bump can send a traumatised child instantly in to a “fight, flight, freeze” state, which the child may retaliate with a bite or a punch, with running away or throwing chairs and even with a total withdraw and disassociation. It’s these triggers that Doctors label these actions as reactions to post traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), PTSD could be classified as a social inequality, as the sufferer never knows when they are going to come across a trigger and if severe enough and if left untreated could lead to anxiety disorders such as agoraphobia.
This leads me on to my next blog topic which is the effects trauma has on a social level.