CASS Report – March 2019

CASS has had a very busy few months.

In December we undertook our major event for 2018 – hosting the 37thConference of the Australia and New Zealand Law and History Society on ‘Exclusion, Confinement, Dispossession: Uneven Citizenship and Spaces of Sovereignty’. Convened by Jane Carey, the stellar line up of international keynote speakers included Professor Audra Simpson (Columbia University), Associate Professor and Angela Wanhalla (University of Otago) and Professor Renisa Mawani (University of British Columbia). Plenary speakers included Aunty Dr Barbara Nicholson, Virginia Marshall, Penny Edmonds and Crystal McKinnon. Over 100 participants joined in the proceedings.

         

The conference also featured the launch of Mike Griffith’s book, The Distribution of Settlement: Appropriation and Refusal in Australian Literature and Culture (UWA, Press), by Professor Audra Simpson, who enthusiastically endorsed it as a major contribution.

         

Book announcements for Lisa Slater’s book Anxieties of Belonging in Settler Colonialism: Australia, Race and Place (Routledge, 2018) and Julia Martínez, Claire Lowrie and Frances Steel’s book with Victoria Haskins (University of Newcastle), Colonialism and Male Domestic Service Across the Asia Pacific (Bloomsbury Publishing, 2018) also took place at the conference.


CASS also supported a workshop on ‘Chinese contributions to Asia Pacific colonial economies’ with keynote presentations by Emeritus Professor Gregor Benton (University of Cardiff) and Professor Danny Wong (University of Malaya). The workshop was part of Julia Martinez, Claire Lowrie and Gregor Benton’s ARC Discovery Project on Chinese Indentured Labour in the Colonial Asia-Pacific Region (DP180100695).


On 28 February 2019 we held a seminar to celebrate and discuss all five monographs published by CASS members since late 2017 – which also included two books by Sharon Crozier-De Rosa (one co-authored with Vera Mackie). There was a lively discussion both among the authors on the panel and the large audience in attendance. This focussed particularly on how CASS research might provide a counter to proposed new BA offerings at UOW.


2018 also saw the publication of a collection edited by Frances Steel – New Zealand and the Sea: Historical Perspectives (Bridget Williams Books) and CASS’s first special issue – an edition of History Australia on the theme of ‘Colonial Formations’ edited by Jane Carey and Frances Steel. Their co-authored introduction to this special issue, ‘On the Critical Importance of Colonial Formations’ outlines some of the exciting new direction in research that CASS is fostering.


Finally, CASS post-grad Lauren Samuelsson won the 2018 Ken Inglis Postgraduate Prize for the best paper at the annual Australian Historical Association conference. Lauren’s paper, titled ‘The Imitation Game: Mock Foods in the Australian Women’s Weekly, 1933–1982’, was described by the judges as ‘a valuable and original contribution to the historiography of Australian food.’ Congratulations Lauren!

Keynote Address: Professor Audra Simpson

The Australian and New Zealand Law and History Society (ANZLHS) and CASS invite you to a keynote address by Audra Simpson, Professor of Anthropology at Columbia University.

When: Monday 10 December, 2018

Time: 10.15 – 11.00am

Where: Building 67 Room 107

Cost: While attendance at the keynote is free, should you wish to attend any other portion of the ANZLHS Conference, you will need to register. Please refer to the Conference Program and Registration details.

Savage States: Settler Governance in an Age of Sorrow

In what world do we imagine the past to be settled in light of its refusal to perish and allow things to start over anew? What are the conditions that make for this imagining, this fantasy or rather, demand of a new start point? In this piece I consider the world of settler colonialism, which demands this newness, and a world in which Native people and their claims to territory are whittled to the status of claimant or subject in time with the fantasy of their disappearance and containment away from a modern and critical present. This fantasy of a world without Indigenous people, or Indigenous peoples whittled into claimants extends itself to a mode of governance that is beyond institutional and ideological but is in this study, deeply affective. In this piece I examine how the Canadian practice of settler governance has adjusted itself in line with global trends and rights paradigms away from overt violence to what are seen as softer and kinder, caring modes of governing but governing, violently still and yet, with a language of care, upon on still stolen land. This piece asks not only in what world we imagine time to stop, but takes up the ways in which those that survived the time stoppage stand in critical relationship to dispossession and settler governance apprehend, analyze and act upon this project of affective governance. Here an oral and textual history of the notion of “reconciliation” is constructed and analyzed with recourse to Indigenous criticism of this affective project of repair.

Bio

Audra Simpson is Professor of Anthropology at Columbia University. She is the author of Mohawk Interruptus: Political Life Across the Borders of Settler States (Duke University Press, 2014) Her research is energized by the problem of recognition, by its passage beyond (and below) the aegis of the state into the grounded field of political self-designation, self-description and subjectivity. This work is motivated by the struggle of Kahnawake Mohawks to find the proper way to afford political recognition to each other, their struggle to do this in different places and spaces and the challenges of formulating membership against a history of colonial impositions. Her current research project examines the borders of time, history and bodies across and within what is now understood to be the United States and Canada.

Lecture: Prof Alison Bashford

CASS invites you to a lecture by Alison Bashford, Professor in History at UNSW.

When: Wednesday 24 October, 2018

Time: 4.00 – 5.30pm

Where: Building 19 Room G016

World History and the Tasman Sea

Did Polynesians navigate to the Australian continent in pre-colonial eras? The consensus is currently no. This lecture does not so much ask ‘why’ – though that interesting question is surprisingly rarely posed. Instead, this lecture explores the significance of the Tasman Sea for world history that is increasingly interested in deep temporal scales and ancient sea crossings. Either side of the Tasman Sea, almost incommensurably different periodisations of human history unfolded. While the Aboriginal past is tens of thousands of years old, the human history of New Zealand/Aotearoa is very recent; the final westward journeys of the Polynesians took place c. 1200-1300CE. This Tasman divide is one of the more extraordinary fault-lines of world history, an almost unique global region in which humans with entirely different histories were adjacent geographically. In the recent integration of Pacific history into world history, what is the place of the Tasman Sea?

Bio

Alison Bashford is Research Professor in History at UNSW. Her work connects the history of science, global history, and environmental history into new assessments of the modern world, from the eighteenth to the twentieth centuries. She has recently focused on the geopolitics of world population, presented in two books: The New Worlds of Thomas Robert Malthus: Re-reading the Principle of Population, with Joyce E. Chaplin (Princeton University Press, 2016) and Global Population: History, Geopolitics and Life on Earth (Columbia University Press, 2014). Before taking up her Research Chair at UNSW, Alison Bashford was the Vere Harmsworth Professor of Imperial and Naval History at the University of Cambridge, Fellow of Jesus College, Cambridge, and Trustee of Royal Museums, Greenwich, UK. In 2009-10, she was the Whitlam and Fraser Chair of Australian Studies at Harvard University’s Department of the History of Science. She has researched and taught at the University of Sydney and the Australian National University. Alison Bashford is a Fellow of the British Academy and of the Australian Academy of Humanities. In May 2018, she presented the Wiles Lectures at Queen’s University, Belfast.

Julia Martinez wins the Patricia Grimshaw Prize!

We are excited to report that CASS member As. Professor Julia Martinez has won the Patricia Grimshaw Prize for the best article published in Australian Historical Studies for 2016-17. Her prize-winning article is:

Julia Martı́nez, ‘Asian Servants for the Imperial Telegraph: Imagining North Australia as an Indian Ocean Colony before 1914’, Australian Historical Studies 48, no. 2, 2017.

https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/1031461X.2017.1279196

The judges, Professor Alison Bashford (University of New South Wales) and Dr Kate Fullagar (Macquarie University), selected Julia’s article from a short-list of five outstanding examples of important and original work in Australian history. Their citation reads:

‘Julia’s article explored the operations of the north Australian telegraph during the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries. Using press and company records, it showed how telegraphic connection between north Australia and London, via southeast Asia, defied white nationalist aims and consolidated instead a neglected Indian-Ocean colonial culture in pre-war Australia. The article not only makes a compelling case for the Indian-Oceanic turn in Australian history but also contributes significantly to the global history of immigration and recent ‘web’-focused analyses in imperial history.’

Congratulations to Julia!

Her article will soon be free-to-access for a limited time from the journal’s homepage.

Connecting British Anti-Feminism & A Childhood in the Troubles to Write a Transnational History of Gender & Shame

Guest post from Dr Sharon Crozier-De Rosa. First published on her blog: The Militant Woman.

*Growing up in the Troubles, where men were often absent, led me to research women policing women.

*Being a diasporic Irish historian led me to write a book that connects Irish women’s ideas and activisms to those of women across the globe.

In March 2018 my book, Shame and the Anti-Feminist Backlash: Britain, Ireland and Australia, 1890-1920 (2018, Routledge), was launched by visiting academic to the University of Wollongong, Associate Professor Jane Haggis (Flinders University).

Book launch 2

ASSOCIATE PROFESSOR JANE HAGGIS LAUNCHING SHAME AND THE ANTI-FEMINIST BACKLASH AT THE UNIVERSITY OF WOLLONGONG.

Associate Professor Haggis delivered a wonderfully generous appraisal of the book, emphasising its transnational methods and scope. The book, she said, ambitiously connected the histories of women in sites that did not, at first, appear to fit together – through the application of an emotions history framework. In making those comments, she also remarked on her discomfort with the concept of women using shame in a productive capacity – to police their own emotional and political communities.

In my brief response, I reflected on what motivated me to study the connections and the disparities between patriotic women’s uses of an emotion that is often viewed – and felt – with discomfort across very different sites along the British imperial spectrum. In doing so I connected two seemingly unconnected processes – my doctoral research on British anti-feminism and my upbringing during the Troubles in Ireland.

Book launch 1

RESPONDING TO ASSOCIATE PROFESSOR HAGGIS’S COMMENTS.

First, Marie Corelli.

As I read through her works to complete my PhD on bestselling fiction and a history of women’s emotions, I could not help but be disturbed by the glaring anti-feminist sentiment infusing the novels of one extraordinarily successful woman writer that I was looking at – Marie Corelli.

Portrait_of_Marie_Corelli

MARIE CORELLI (1855-1924). APPLETON’S MAGAZINE, C. 1904. PHOTOGRAPH BY F. ADRIAN. IMAGE VIA WIKIMEDIA COMMONS

From the 1880s to the 1910s, Corelli reigned as ‘Queen of the Bestsellers’, far outselling any fellow authors of her day. How did she approach feminism? On the one hand, she poked fun at the ridiculous appearance and habits of so-called New Women who aped the habits of men – bicycle riding, swearing, smoking, atheistic, loose sexual attitudes, like the comically manly Honoria Maggs in  My Wonderful Wife (c.1886). On the other hand, Corelli’s treatment of women’s feminist aspirations revealed a much deeper, darker undercurrent of feminist hatred, or sometimes even a general hatred of women.

It cast light on a world where feminist shaming was an accepted and well-practised custom.

  • There was a war against women, she said, but women were totally to blame for that.
  • These women, she argued, were responsible for lowering the reputation of England which used to be the civiliser of the world.

The latent vitriol in Corelli’s writing surprised me. Here was a woman who was an independent and extraordinarily successful female writer who, by all accounts, was also an incredibly astute businesswoman. Her public life did not seem at odds with the demands of turn-of-the-century feminism.

More puzzling for me was the fact that a large proportion of her readers were women.

  • Why were these 5-600 page novels, which were filled with blatant feminist hatred and feminist shaming – albeit while indulging in feminist transgressions – so attractive to her vast army of women readers?
  • Why was womenshamingwomen such a regular and familiar feature of late nineteenth- and early twentieth-century popular culture?

Women Shaming Women

In investigating a practice that I was uncomfortable with, I was mindful of a 1970s historian’s caution to not disrespect the views of those who lost – those fighting against the vote – of not consigning them to history’s ‘rubbish heap’.

When I looked closer at women shaming women, I saw some of the nuances of their practices – here were women policing their own political communities in what was a highly patriarchal world.

Some picked up weapons to fight for their political views.

Suddenly it was all very familiar.

The Troubles

Growing up on a housing estate during the Troubles, where men were often absent – in prison or on the run – I was continually confronted with strong women policing their own communities of womanhood in what was a highly patriarchal society.

Some of these were women who picked up guns to fight for their political views. They were a visible presence as they marched in political parades, armed, uniformed.

Here were women’s practices aligning in what were two remarkably different societies:

  • One an immensely powerful imperial centre in the early twentieth century.
  • The other a fractured, disenfranchised anti-colonial site in the late twentieth century.

Yet both housed communities of womanhood – policing themselves using emotional tools and tactics – picking up arms in defence of their politics if need be.

That led to Shame and the Anti-Feminist Backlash, Britain, Ireland and Australia –

  • An historical investigation of the reasons for women opposing feminism,

…and, more poignantly for me –

  • A transnational history of women policing women using emotions – where I was able to connect the ideas and activisms of diverse groups of patriotic women across the globe.

Today: Anti-Feminism? Woman Hatred? Shaming?

Surely the voting in of a highly misogynistic man as US President and the backlash that process unleashed tells us that anti-feminism, woman hate and feminist shaming are not obsolete issues.

Philosopher Michael Morgan says that, today, most people think it is a shame that shame exists. Yet, if we look at that election, women, feminists included, shamed Hillary Clinton –  and each other – across the globe – for everything from feminism to anti-feminism and everything else in between. In a highly patriarchal world, women policing their own political communities using emotions like shame is not dead – it is just a practice rooted in history.

Shame Book Cover

Dedication

I dedicate this book to my mum and dad for the role they played in helping me get to this point where I can use our collective experiences – of conflict and of mobility – to teach and write about the intersections between gender, nationalism, emotions and violence, nationally and transnationally.

Regulating domestic service in colonial societies – report on the European Social Science History conference, 2018

 

In April Claire Lowrie attended the European Social Science History conference in Belfast as part of a panel on regulating domestic service in colonial societies. https://esshc.socialhistory.org/esshc-belfast-2018

Claire presented a paper on violent crimes committed by Chinese male servants in Singapore in the 1910s and 1920s. Shireen Ally gave a paper on regulating race and maternity in relation to African domestic servants in South Africa. Nitin Sinha explored how the regulation of bazaars in Calcutta in the eighteenth century impacted on Indian domestic servants. Nitin Varma discussed the failed attempts to introduce law regulating domestic service in India during the nineteenth century.

The panel was followed by a roundtable discussion with Victoria Haskins, Raffaella Sarti and Samita Sen on the concept of regulating domestic work in historical and contemporary contexts, and, in colonial and non-colonial contexts. One theme that emerged from the discussion was that while today the International Labour Organisation pressures states to regulate paid domestic work in order to protect the rights of workers, colonial era regulation often centred upon limiting the rights and personal freedoms of domestic workers.

The panel and the roundtable was organised by Nitin Sinha and Nitin Varma of as part of their European Research Council project called Servants Past. https://servantspasts.wordpress.com

 

 

The Aboriginal Memorial: ‘white people don’t know Australia … we know it from the beginning’

CASS Member Prof Ian McLean is organising a conference which may be of interest to CASS members. See below for details.


The Aboriginal Memorial: ‘white people don’t know Australia … we know it from the beginning’

A conference to critically examine The Aboriginal Memorial and contemporary art’s engagements with colonial trauma. 10–12 October 2018

An exhibition and conference will be held at the National Gallery of Australia to commemorate the 30th anniversary of The Aboriginal Memorial – a large collaborative artwork of 200 burial poles produced in Ramingining by 43 artists from the region for the Australian bicentenary, which is permanently installed at the main entrance of the NGA.

The conference will critically examine the significance of the Memorial at the time of its production and what it can teach us today. The impact of the Memorial when it was produced in 1988 has retreated from our collective memory, but the issues it touched upon have only intensified during the previous 30 years.

Seminar: Dr Maria Elena Indelicato

CASS invites you to a seminar with Dr Maria Elena Indelicato, Endeavour Research Fellow, University of Wollongong.

When: Thursday 26 April, 2018

Time: 4.15 – 5.00pm (informal drinks to follow)

Where: LHA Research Hub, 19.2072

Violence and the Archive: land, labour and violence in the sugar towns of North Queensland

Defined as ‘borderlands’ by Tracey Banivanua-Mar, sugar towns in North Queensland were significantly populated with a plethora of non-white ethnic minorities: Chinese, Indian, Japanese, ‘Malay’, Pacific Islanders and later southern Europeans. Instances of violence between these population groups have been recounted as if they were detached from the socio-historic conditions dictated by colonialism. Against this stance, in this paper I examine the case of three South Sea Islanders attacking a farmer in the city of Ingham in 1927. In unfolding the individual histories of those involved in the incident against the wider context of anti-Italian migration sentiment, this paper will demonstrate how the discursive rendition of the assault enabled the alleged victim to be aligned with the well-respected long-term migrants in town than the very much despised ‘new arrivals’. In so doing, this paper aims to determine how violence can be used by a racially ambiguous minority group such as Italians not much as technology of population management as a technology of belonging – that is, a means to claim the status of legitimate settlers in the country.

Bio

Dr Maria Elena Indelicato is a Lecturer in Media Studies at the Ningbo Institute of Technology, Zhejiang University. She received her Ph.D. from the Department of Gender and Cultural Studies, University of Sydney with a thesis exploring the intersections of race and emotions in public discourses concerning ‘Asian’ international students, which was published by Routledge as Australia’s New Migrants. Indelicato is currently an Endeavour Research Fellow at the University of Wollongong and the editor of the ACRAWSA’s blog.

Jane Haggis Seminar and Launch of ‘Shame and the Anti-Feminist Backlash’

CASS, FRN and CCHR invite you to the following:

SEMINAR and BOOK LAUNCH

Date: Monday 19 March 2018
Seminar: 3.00pm to 4.30pm, Book Launch: 4.30pm to 5.30pm
Location: Panizzi Room, UOW Library

Associate Professor Jane Haggis: College of Humanities, Arts and Social Sciences, Flinders University

What Was the Steward Up to? Indian Women Touring Europe in the 1930s: Vernaculars of Friendship, Cosmopolitanisms and Anti-Colonialisms at the End of Empire  

Jane Haggis is an historian who combines historical analysis with social and cultural theory. Her research interests are wide, but cluster around three themes: cross-cultural encounters, affect and power in imperial and post-imperial contexts. She has published widely internationally in feminist historiography and gender and empire, and is currently leading an Australian Research Council funded project [DP 170104310 2017-2019), ‘Beyond Empire transnational religious networks & liberal cosmopolitanisms’ with Professor Margaret Allen, Professor Fiona Paisley and Professor Clare Midgley. With these scholars she recently published, Cosmopolitan Lives on the Cusp of Empire: Interfaith, Cross-Cultural and Transnational Networks, 1860-1950, Palgrave Pivot, 2017. Her long engagement with critical race studies most recently saw the publication of “Situated Knowledge or Ego (His)toire?: Memory, History and the She-Migrant in an Imaginary of ‘Terra Nullius’” Ngapartji, Ngapartji. In turn, in turn: Ego-Histoire, Europe and Indigenous Australians (ANU Lives Series in Biography, 2014). It also led to an Australian Research Council funded project (with S Schech) From Stranger to Citizen: Migration, Modernisation and Racialisation in the Making of the New Australian” (DP 0665782) results from which she most recently published in “White Australia and Otherness: The Limits to Hospitality” in Cultures in Refuge: Seeking Sanctuary in Modern Australia (2012). She is currently working on a monograph from that project, provisionally titled: Storying the borderlands: imaginaries of modernity and the refugee in Australia. The book (with S Schech) Culture and Development, (2000), pioneered a postcolonial feminist analysis of International Development and remains a seminal text.

Associate Professor Haggis will then launch:

Shame and the Anti-Feminist Backlash, Britain, Ireland and Australia, 1890-1920 (Routledge 2018)

Dr Sharon Crozier-De Rosa

Shame and the Anti-Feminist Backlash examines how women opposed to the feminist campaign for the vote in early twentieth-century Britain, Ireland, and Australia used shame as a political tool. It demonstrates just how proficient women were in employing a diverse vocabulary of emotions – drawing on concepts like embarrassment, humiliation, honour, courage, and chivalry – in the attempt to achieve their political goals. It looks at how far nationalist contexts informed each gendered emotional community at a time when British imperial networks were under extreme duress. The book presents a unique history of gender and shame which demonstrates just how versatile and ever-present this social emotion was in the feminist politics of the British Empire in the early decades of the twentieth century. It employs a fascinating new thematic lens to histories of anti-feminist/feminist entanglements by tracing national and transnational uses of emotions by women to police their own political communities. It also challenges the common notion that shame had little place in a modernizing world by revealing how far groups of patriotic womanhood, globally, deployed shame to combat the effects of feminist activism.